The Question: Where Is Ghana?

This page was specifically created for those who want to know where Ghana is located in the world map. Most of my friends who live abroad normally ask, Where is Ghana? Below are detailed information for everyone.

Where is Ghana?

Ghana is located on West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea only a few degrees north of the Equator and is bordered on the north by Burkina Faso, on the west by Côte d’Ivoire, and on the east by Togo. The country lies just above the equator and is on the Greenwich meridian line which passes through the seaport of Tema, about 24 km to the east of Accra, the capital. Its southernmost coast at Cape Three Points is 4° 30′ north of the equator. From here, the country extends inland for some 670 kilometers. The distance across the widest part measures about 560 kilometers. Half of the country lies less than 152 meters (500 ft.) above sea level, and the highest point is 883 meters (2,900 ft.).

The 537-kilometer (334-mi.) coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub and intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe. A tropical rain forest belt, broken by heavily forested hills and many streams and rivers, extends northward from the shore, near the Cote d’Ivoire frontier. This area produces most of the country’s cocoa, minerals, and timber. North of this belt, the country varies from 91 to 396 meters (300 ft.-1,300 ft.) above sea level and is covered by low bush, park-like savanna, and grassy plains.

Volta Lake, the largest manmade lake in the world, extends from the Akosombo Dam in southeastern Ghana to the town of Yapei, 520 kilometers (325 mi.) to the north. The lake generates electricity, provides inland transportation, and is a potentially valuable resource for irrigation and fish farming.

In Africa, Ghana ranks 24th by size out of 53 countries, 9th by population and 7th by population density.Well endowed with natural resources, Ghana has roughly twice the per capita output of the poorest countries in West Africa. Even so, Ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance and the domestic economy typically continues to revolve around agriculture, which accounts for about 43 percent of GDP and employs about 55 percent of the work force, mainly small landholders.

Ghana divided into 10 Regions. Below is a map showing all the 10 Regions in Ghana



The climate is tropical. The eastern coastal belt is warm and comparatively dry; the southwest corner, hot
and humid; and the north, hot and dry. There are two distinct rainy seasons in the south; May-June and
August-September; in the north, the rainy seasons tend to merge.

Annual rainfall in the coastal zone averages 83 centimeters (33 in.) and ranges from about 1,100 mm (about
43 in) in the north to about 2,100 mm (about 83 in) in the southeast. Southern Ghana is much wetter, has high temperatures all year round, and has a very short dry season. Lush forests and all kind of crops grow
throughout the year. Farmers in the North struggle to grow anything during the long dry season.

In most areas the highest temperatures occur in March, the lowest in August. The average annual
temperature is about 26oC (about 79oF). The harmattan, a dry desert wind, blows from the northeast from
December to March, lowering the humidity and creating hot days and cool nights in the north. In the south
the effects of the harmattan are felt in January.

The Major Cities in Ghana

Cities: Capital–Accra (metropolitan area pop. 3 million est.). Other cities–Kumasi (1
million est.), Tema (500,000 est.), Sekondi-Takoradi (370,000 est.). etc.

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